Industrial Solution Services, Inc

Service & Supply Throughout the Western United States

SDS

PureAir 32

I. Chemical Product and Company Identification
Product Name:PureAir32 (Aqueous Urea Solution 32.5)
Synonym:Designation or trade mark: Automotive grade urea solution, DEF, Diesel Exhaust Fluid, Diesel Emissions Fluid
Material Uses:SCR NOx Control (Emissions Control)
Emergency Telephone Number
CHEMTREC (U.S.) 800-424-9300
  
II. Hazard Identification
Physical state:LIQUID, NON HAZARDOUS, NON FLAMMABLE
Emergency overview:Colorless liquid, use water to control fires involving urea solution if water is compatible with burning material. Urea solution itself is nonflammable. May cause eye and skin irritation
Target organs:skin, eye, lens, or cornea
Medical conditions Aggregated by over-Exposure:Unknown
  
III. Composition, Information on Ingredients
Name:CAS number % volume Exposure Limits
Water7732-18-5 66.3-67.7
Urea:57-13-6 31.8-33.2 AIHA WHEEL (United States, 5/2010)
Storage:Store in accordance with local regulations. Store in original containers away from incompatible materials (see section 10) and food and drink. Keep containers tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. Containers that have been opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. Do not store in unlabeled containers. Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination.
  
IV. First Aid Measures
Eye Contact:Check for and remove any contact lenses. Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. If irritation persists, seek medical attention.
Skin Contact:In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Clean shoes thoroughly before reuse. If irritation persists, seek medical attention.
Inhalation:Move exposed person to fresh air, if not breathing; if breathing is irregular or if respiratory arrest occurs, provide artificial respiration or oxygen by trained personnel. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie belt or waistband, if irritation persists, seeks medical attention.
Ingestion:Wash out mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If irritation persists, seek medical attention.
  
V. Fire Fighting Measures
Flammability of the product:Non-Flammable
Products of combustion:Decomposition products unknown, depending upon other burning material.
Suitable extinguishing media:Use an extinguishing agent suitable for the surrounding fire.
Not suitable:None Known
Special exposure hazards:Promptly isolate the scene by removing all persons from the vicinity of the incident if there is a fire of other burning material. No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training. In a fire or if heated, a slight pressure increase in containers will occur.
Special protective equipment for firefighters:Fire-fighters should wear appropriate protective equipment and self-contained breathing apparatus Fire fighters (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.
NFPA Fire Rating:
Flammability0
Health Hazard1
Reactivity0
Specific HazardNot Applicaple
KEY: Least=0 • Slight=1 • Moderate=2 • High=3 • Extreme=4
  
VI. Accidental Release Measures
Personal precautions:No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training. Evacuate immediate area. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from entering. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Avoid breathing vapor or mist. Provide adequate ventilation. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Put on appropriate personal protective equipment.
Environmental precautions:Avoid dispersal of spilled material and runoff and contact with soil, waterways, drains and sewers. Inform the relevant authorities if the product has caused environmental pollution (sewers, waterways, soil or air).
Methods for cleaning up:Stop leak if without risk. Move containers from spill area. Approach release from upwind. Prevent entry into sewers, water courses, basements or confined areas. Wash spillages into an effluent treatment plant or proceed as follows. Contain and collect spillage with non-combustible, absorbent material e.g. sand, earth, vermiculite or diatomaceous earth and place in container for disposal according to local regulations (see section 14). Dispose of via a licensed waste disposal contractor. Note: see section 1 for emergency contact information and section 14 for waste disposal.
  
VII. Handling and Storage
Handling:Put on appropriate personal equipment. Eating, drinking and smoking should be prohibited in areas where this material is handled, stored and processed. Workers should wash hands and face before eating, drinking and smoking. Remove contaminated clothing and protective equipment before entering eating areas. Do not ingest. Avoid contact with eyes, skins and clothing. Avoid breathing vapor or mist. Keep in original container or an approved alternative mode from a compatible material, kept tightly closed when not in use.
Storage:Store in accordance with local regulations. Store in original containers away from incompatible materials (see section 10) and food and drink. Keep containers tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. Containers that have been opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. Do not store in unlabeled containers. Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination.
  
VIII. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Procedures:If this product contains ingredients with exposure limits, personal, workplace atmosphere or biological monitoring may be required to determine the effectiveness of the ventilation or other control measures and/or the necessity to use respiratory protective equipment.
Engineering measures:No special ventilation requirements. Good general ventilation should be sufficient to control worker exposure to airborne contaminants. If this product contains ingredients with exposure limits, use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep worker exposure below any recommended or statutory limits.
Hygiene measure:Wash hands, forearms and face thoroughly after handling chemical products, before eating, smoking and using the lavatory and at the end of the working period. Appropriate techniques should be used to remove potentially contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reusing. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are close to the workstation location.
Eyes:Safety eyewear complying with an approved standard should be used when a risk assessment indicated this is necessary to avoid exposure to liquid splashed, mists or dusts.
Skin:Personal protective equipment for the body should be selected based on the task being performed and the risks involved and should be approved by a specialist before handling this product.
Respiratory:Use a properly fitted, air- purifying or air-fed respirator complying with an approved standard if a risk assessment indicated this is necessary. Respirator selection must be based on known or anticipated exposure levels, the hazards of the product and the safe working limits of the selected respirator.
Hands:Chemical-resistant, impervious gloves complying with an approved standard should be worn at all times when handling chemical products if a risk assessment indicated this is necessary.
Personal protection in case of large spill:Full chemical-resistant suit and self-contained breathing apparatus should be worn only by trained and authorized persons.
  
IX. Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state:Liquid
Color:Colorless
Odor:Slight (on contact)
pH:9.5
Boiling/condensation point:Lowest known value: 100°C (212°F) (water)
Melting/freezing point:-11.111°C (12°F)
Specific gravity:1.10
  
X. Stability and Reactivity
Stability and reactivity:The product is stable.
Incompatibility with various Substances:None Known
Hazardous decomposition products:Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous decomposition products should not be produced.
Hazardous polymerization:Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous polymerization will not occur.
  
XI. Toxicological Information
Product/ingredient nameResultSpeciesDoseExposure
UreaLD50 IntraperitonealRat>5g/kg-
 LD50 IntraperitonealRat567 mg/kg-
 LD50 IntravenousRat5300 mg/kg-
 LD50 OralRat8471 mg/kg-
 LD50 SubcutaneousRat8200 mg/kg-
 TDLo OralRat750 mg/kg-
Chronic effects on humansNone Known
Other toxic effects on HumansNone Known
Specific effects 
Carcinogenic effectsNo known significant effects or critical hazards.
Mutagenic effectsNo known significant effects or critical hazards.
Reproduction toxicityNo known significant effects or critical hazards.
  
XII. Ecological Information
Aquatic ecotoxicityAcute EC50 6573.0 to 7061 mg/L Fresh waterDaphnia - Water flea - Ceriodaphnia dubia - Neonate - <24 hours48 hours
 Acute EC50 6573.1 mg/L Fresh WaterDaphnia - Water flea - Ceriodaphnia dubia - Neonate - <24 hours-48 hours
 Acute EC50 3910000 ug/L Fresh WaterDaphnia - Water flea - Daphnia magna - Neonate - <24 hours48 hours
 Acute LC50>1000mg/L Marine waterCrustaceans - Amphipod - Chaetogammarus - marinus - Young - 5 mm48 hours
 Acute LC50 90100 to 93900 ug/L Fresh WaterFish - Rohu - Labeo rohita - Fry - 0.8g96 hours
 Acute LC50 83700 to 86900 ug/L Fresh waterFish - Rohu - Labeo rohita - Fry - 0.8g96 hours
 Acute LC50 72600 to 75900 ug/L Fresh waterFish - Rohu - Labeo rohita - Egg96 hours
 Acute LC50 66800 to 70500 ug/L Fresh waterFish - Rohu - Labeo rohita - Egg96 hours
 Acute LC50 65800 to 70200 ug/L Fresh waterFish - Rohu - Labeo rohita - Fry96 hours
Products of degradation: carbon oxides (CO, CO2) and water, nitrogen oxides (NO, NO2 etc).
  
XIII. Disposal Considerations
Waste disposal:The generation of waste should be avoided or minimized wherever possible. Significant Quantities of waste product residues should not be disposed of via the foul sewer but processed in a suitable effluent treatment plant. Dispose of surplus and non-recyclable Products via a licensed waste disposal contractor. Dispose of surplus and non-recyclable and any by-products should at all times comply with the requirements of environmental Protection and waste disposal legislation and any regional local authority requirements. Waste packaging should be recycled. Incineration or landfill should only be considered when recycling is not feasible. This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way. Care should be taken when handling emptied containers that have not been cleaned or rinsed out. Empty containers or liners may retain some products residues. Avoid dispersal or spilled material and runoff and contact with soil, waterways, and drains and sewers.
  
XIV. Transport Information
Urea solution is not listed by any U.S. or Canadian transportation authority as a hazardous material and as such, no specific information is available.
  
XV. Regulatory Information
United States HCS Classification:None known
  
Aqueous Urea Solution 32.5%
To the best of our knowledge, the information contained herein is accurate. However, neither the above-named supplier, Nor any of its subsidiaries, assumes any liability whatsoever for the accuracy or completeness of the information contained herein. Final determination of suitability of any material is the sole responsibility of the user. All materials may present unknown hazards and should be used with caution. Although certain hazards are described herein, we cannot guarantee that these are the only hazards that exist.

May 2016